The foundations of Hindi lie in the 5000-year-old tongue of the Aryan immigrants, Sanskrit. Hindi borrows flavors from Dravidian, Turkish, Arabic, Portuguese and English. A richly expressive and simple language, the language of poetry and songs. Hindi is also the mother tongue of about 20% of the Indian population. English language is the commonly used official language of India. It enjoys a special status and remains the additional official language. India has 22 languages which have been given the grade of National Languages.
- Business language - English
- Official language - Hindi & English
- Other languages - Sindhi, Sanskrit
- Vedic language - Sanskrit
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||Andamanese|
|Andhra Pradesh||Telugu, Hyderabad city - Telugu plus Urdu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Bengali Nepali, Hindi,Assamese|
|Bihar||Hindi, Bhojpuri, Maithini, Santhali, Angika, numerous others, Bengali, Urdu|
|Chhattisgarh||Hindi, Bengali and Oriya|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||Gujarati Hindi, Konkani, Marathi|
|Daman and Diu||Gujarati Hindi, Marathi|
|Delhi||Hindi, English, Punjabi & numerous others|
|Himanchal Pradesh||Hindi, Pahadi|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Dogri, Kashmiri, Ladakhi, Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi|
|Jharkhand||Santhali, Mundari, Kurukh, Khortha, Nagpuria, Sadri, Khariya, Panchparagnia, Ho, Malto, Karmali, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali|
|Madhya Pradesh||Hindi, Urdu|
|Manipur||Manipuri, Nepali, Hindi, Bengali|
|Puducherry||Tamil Telugu, Kannada, Urdu|
|Punjab||Punjabi, Hindi and Urdu|
|Rajasthan||Hindi, Rajasthani, Marwadi and urdu|
|Sikkim||Nepali, Lepcha, Bhutia|
|Tripura||Tripuri, Bengali, Kuki|
|Uttar Pradesh||Hindi, Brijbhasha, Pahadi, Avadhi, Bhojpuri,Urdu and numerous others|
|Uttrakhand||Hindi Urdu, Punjabi and Nepali|
The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity is of wonderful structure, more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin and more exquisitely refined than either.
- - Sir William Jones (English scholar).
In philology, our Sanskrit language is now universally acknowledged to be the foundation of all European languages, which, in fact, are nothing but jargonized Sanskrit.
- Swami Vivekananda.